SCIENCE

Logical, existential, linguistic: there is not just one kind of intelligence

It often happens, especially during adolescence, that one realizes that one is more gifted in languages than in mathematics, or vice versa. Or that one's thought processes are different from those of a friend or classmate. This aspect depends not only on personal interests, but also on the way our brains work.

In fact, the way to process information is different from person to person, but it can be grouped into some predefined categories. Some are more predisposed to creative work, others to relationships with other people, and still others can hear and understand music in a way unthinkable for others.

According to a study carried out since the 1980s by the American psychologist Howard Gardner, we have as many as nine different types of intelligence, to which the tenth would be added. These intelligences could also theoretically be linked to certain types of jobs.

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Logical, existential, linguistic: there is not just one kind of intelligence
It often happens, especially during adolescence, that one realizes that one is more gifted in languages than in mathematics, or vice versa. Or that one's thought processes are different from those of a friend or classmate. This aspect depends not only on personal interests, but also on the way our brains work.In fact, the way to process information is different from person to person, but it can be grouped into some predefined categories. Some are more predisposed to creative work, others to relationships with other people, and still others can hear and understand music in a way unthinkable for others. According to a study carried out since the 1980s by the American psychologist Howard Gardner, we have as many as nine different types of intelligence, to which the tenth would be added. These intelligences could also theoretically be linked to certain types of jobs.
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Naturalistic intelligence
It is the ability to identify relationships between natural objects, but at the same time also to imagine environments and experiments that have nature as their subject. Usually the mind is predisposed to jobs such as biologist, geologist, rancher or farmer.
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Existential/theoretical intelligence
This intelligence results in a great capacity for introspection, and for reasoning both about oneself and the circumstantial world, trying to find the answers to the great issues of life. Physicists and philosophers usually possess this type of mind.
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Intrapersonal intelligence
This intelligence results in a large degree of introspection, and generally a good ability to convey one's emotions to others as well. Actors, entrepreneurs or writers usually have this kind of intelligence.
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Body intelligence/kinetics
As the name implies, this type of intelligence results in great ability and mastery of bodily movements, including nonverbal communication. Sportsmen are the best expression of this type of brain.
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Interpersonal intelligence
Politicians and traders are usually masters of this kind of intelligence, which makes it much easier than others to connect with other people, recognizing their feelings and emotions right away, and also immediately understanding how to relate to them.
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Musical intelligence
This intelligence naturally makes one capable of recognizing sounds and rhythms. For example, those who possess the absolute ear are usually repositories of this kind of mind. Singers, composers and instrumentalists in most cases naturally have this ability, or at any rate spend a large part of their lives in training this kind of talent.
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Linguistic/verbal intelligence
This intelligence results in greater simplicity, for example, in language learning. The preferred form of expression for these people is writing and speaking, which they find very natural. Among the most suitable jobs for this type of intelligence poet, writer, journalist, lawyer, and even teacher.
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Logical/mathematical intelligence
This intelligence rewards logic. So, individuals who develop this type of ability are able to find obvious relationships and logical links between problems, as well as being inclined for the study of mathematics and physics. Scientists, engineers and computer scientists usually take advantage of this particular form of intelligence.
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Visual/spatial intelligence
This ability is very interesting, and it makes it possible to reason and see space and dimensions much more easily and almost automatically. So, representing objects in a physical space, as well as drawing and reading maps, will not be a problem either. Painter, designer and architect are usually some of the jobs for which this intelligence is most useful.
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19/04/2024
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